Just the Facts
- 18.2 million people (6.3% of the population) have diabetes.
- Only 13 million people have been diagnosed.
- Approximately one in every 400 to 500 children and adolescents has type 1
- Age 20 years or older: 18 million - 8.7% of all people in this age group
- Age 60 years or older: 8.6 million - 18.3% of all people in this age group
- Men: 8.7 million - 8.7% of all men aged 20 years or older have diabetes.
- Women: 9.3 million - 8.7% of all women aged 20 years or older have
- Heart Disease and Stroke - Heart disease is the leading cause of
diabetes-related deaths. Adults
with diabetes have heart disease death
rates about 2 to 4 times higher than adults without diabetes. The risk for
stroke is 2 to 4 times higher among people with diabetes.
- High Blood Pressure - About 73% of adults with diabetes have blood
pressure greater than or equal to 130/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or use
prescription medications for hypertension.
- Blindness - Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among
adults 20-74 years old. Diabetic retinopathy causes from 12,000 to 24,000 new
cases of blindness each year.
- Kidney Disease - Diabetes is the leading cause of treated end-stage renal
disease, accounting for 43% of new cases.
- Amputations - More than 60% of nontraumatic lower-limb amputations in the
United States occur among people with diabetes. From 2000 to 2001, about
82,000 nontraumatic lower-limb amputations were performed each year
among people with diabetes.